Oracle SQL http://orasql.org XTended Oracle SQL Sat, 12 Mar 2016 00:23:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.2.2 WINDOW NOSORT STOPKEY + RANK() http://orasql.org/2016/03/12/window-nosort-stopkey-rank/ http://orasql.org/2016/03/12/window-nosort-stopkey-rank/#comments Sat, 12 Mar 2016 00:23:05 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=769 Recently I found that WINDOW NOSORT STOPKEY with RANK()OVER() works very inefficiently: http://www.freelists.org/post/oracle-l/RANKWINDOW-NOSORT-STOPKEY-stopkey-doesnt-work
The root cause of this behaviour is that Oracle optimizes WINDOW NOSORT STOPKEY with RANK the same way as with DENSE_RANK:

rnk1

create table test(n not null) as 
  with gen as (select level n from dual connect by level<=100)
  select g2.n as n
  from gen g1, gen g2
  where g1.n<=10
/
create index ix_test on test(n)
/
exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('','TEST');
select/*+ gather_plan_statistics */ n
from (select rank()over(order by n) rnk
            ,n
      from test)
where rnk<=3
/
select * from table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor('','','allstats last'));
drop table test purge;

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Output
         N
----------
         1
         1
         1
         1
         1
         1
         1
         1
         1
         1

10 rows selected.

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SQL_ID  8tbq95dpw0gw7, child number 0
-------------------------------------
select/*+ gather_plan_statistics */ n from (select rank()over(order by
n) rnk             ,n       from test) where rnk<=3

Plan hash value: 1892911073

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation              | Name    | Starts | E-Rows | A-Rows |   A-Time   | Buffers |  OMem |  1Mem | Used-Mem |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT       |         |      1 |        |     10 |00:00:00.01 |       3 |       |       |          |
|*  1 |  VIEW                  |         |      1 |   1000 |     10 |00:00:00.01 |       3 |       |       |          |
|*  2 |   WINDOW NOSORT STOPKEY|         |      1 |   1000 |     30 |00:00:00.01 |       3 | 73728 | 73728 |          |
|   3 |    INDEX FULL SCAN     | IX_TEST |      1 |   1000 |     31 |00:00:00.01 |       3 |       |       |          |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   1 - filter("RNK"<=3)
   2 - filter(RANK() OVER ( ORDER BY "N")<=3)

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As you can see, A-Rows in plan step 2 = 30 – ie, that is the number of rows where DENSE_RANK<=3, but not RANK<=3. The more effective way will be to stop after first 10 rows, because 11th row already has RANK more than 3!

But we can create own STOPKEY version with PL/SQL:

PL/SQL STOPKEY version
create or replace type rowids_table is table of varchar2(18);
/
create or replace function get_rowids_by_rank(
      n          int
     ,max_rank   int
   ) 
   return rowids_table pipelined
as
begin
   for r in (
      select/*+ index_rs_asc(t (n))  */ rowidtochar(rowid) chr_rowid, rank()over(order by n) rnk
      from test t
      where t.n > get_rowids_by_rank.n
      order by n
   )
   loop
      if r.rnk <= max_rank then
         pipe row (r.chr_rowid);
      else
         exit;
      end if;
   end loop;
   return;
end;
/
select/*+ leading(r t) use_nl(t) */
   t.*
from table(get_rowids_by_rank(1, 3)) r
    ,test t
where t.rowid = chartorowid(r.column_value)
/

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In that case the fetch from a table will stop when rnk will be larger than max_rank

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Thanks to all #odevchoice voters! http://orasql.org/2015/10/17/thanks-to-all-odevchoice-voters/ http://orasql.org/2015/10/17/thanks-to-all-odevchoice-voters/#comments Fri, 16 Oct 2015 22:11:14 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=753 And special thanks to all the great people who voted for me! :)
I want to list all voters for all nomenees in one page: http://orasql.org/odevchoice/all-the-voters.html
The query (using xt_http of course :):
Spoiler

with 
  finalists(category, userid, name) as (
      --                               SQL~ Voting:
      ------ ------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'SQL'     , 6899,  'Stew Ashton      ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6900,  'Sean Stuber      ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6901,  'Sayan Malakshinov' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6902,  'Matthias Rogel   ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6903,  'Kim Berg Hansen  ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6904,  'Justin Cave      ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6905,  'Erik Van Roon    ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6906,  'Emrah Mete       ' from dual union all
      --                               PL/SQL~ Voting
      ------ ------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6907,  'Sean Stuber      ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6908,  'Roger Troller    ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6909,  'Patrick Barel    ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6910,  'Morten Braten    ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6911,  'Kim Berg Hansen  ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6912,  'Bill Coulam      ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6913,  'Adrian Billington' from dual union all
      --                               ORDS ~ Voting
      ------ ------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'ORDS'    , 6881,  'Tim St. Hilaire  ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6882,  'Morten Braten    ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6883,  'Kiran Pawar      ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6884,  'Dimitri Gielis   ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6885,  'Dietmar Aust     ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6886,  'Anton Nielsen    ' from dual union all
      --                               APEX ~ Voting
      ------ ------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'ORDS'    , 6887,  'Trent Schafer    ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6888,  'Paul MacMillan   ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6889,  'Morten Braten    ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6890,  'Kiran Pawar      ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6891,  'Karen Cannell    ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6893,  'Juergen Schuster ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6894,  'Jari Laine       ' from dual union all
      --                             DatabaseDesign ~ Voting
      ------ ----------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'DbDesign', 6896,  'Michelle Kolbe   ' from dual union all
      select 'DbDesign', 6897,  'Mark Hoxey       ' from dual union all
      select 'DbDesign', 6898,  'Heli Helskyaho   ' from dual union all
      select 'DbDesign', 6919,  'Rob Lockard      ' from dual
)
select 
       f.category
      ,f.name         as Nominee
      ,row_number()over(partition by f.category,f.name 
                        order by 
                        case 
                           when regexp_like(t.column_value,'^user\d+$')                      then 2
                           when regexp_like(t.column_value,'^\d+$')                          then 3
                           when regexp_like(t.column_value,'\w{6}-\w{4}-\w{4}-\w{4}-\w{12}') then 4
                           else 1
                        end
                        ) n
      ,t.column_value as VoterName 
from finalists f,
     table(
         xt_http.get_matches(
            pUrl     => 'https://community.oracle.com/voting-history.jspa?ideaID='||to_char(f.userid,'fm0000')||'&start=0&numResults=1000'
           ,pPattern => 'alt="([^"]+)"'
           ,pGroup   => 1
         )
    ) t
order by 1,2,3,4

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Oracle package for HTTPS/HTTP[version 0.2] http://orasql.org/2015/10/12/oracle-package-for-https-version-02/ http://orasql.org/2015/10/12/oracle-package-for-https-version-02/#comments Sun, 11 Oct 2015 21:30:50 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=746 A couple days ago i created simple package for HTTPS/HTTP, but I’ve decided now to improve it:

  1. Timeout parameter – it would be better to control connection time;
  2. Simple page parsing with PCRE regular expressions – to speed up and simplify page parsing, because if you want to get big number matched expressions from CLOB with regexp_xxx oracle functions, you have to call these functions many times with different [occurance] parameters, passing/accessing to the clob many times. But within java procedure it will be just one pass.
  3. Support of plsqldoc – the tool for automatically generating documentation in HTML format.(javadoc analogue)

Upd 2015-10-11:

  1. added HttpMethod parameter – so you can choose POST or GET method
  2. added function get_last_response – returns last HTTP response code.

You can download new version from github: https://github.com/xtender/xt_http
Also it may be interesting if you want to see how to get collection of CLOBs/varchar2 from JAVA stored procedure.

So with new functions I can even more easy get UpVoters list from prevous post:

select * 
from table(
         xt_http.get_matches(
            pUrl     => '&url'
           ,pPattern => 'alt="([^"]+)"'
           ,pGroup   => 1
         )
    ) t
Results
select * 
from table(
         xt_http.get_matches(
            pUrl     => '&url'
           ,pPattern => 'alt="([^"]+)"'
           ,pGroup   => 1
         )
    ) t
/
Enter value for url: https://community.oracle.com/voting-history.jspa?ideaID=6901&start=0&numResults=1000

NAME
--------------------------------------------------
Denes Kubicek
Pavel Luzanov
Martin Preiss
AlexAA
scherbak
TimHall
Toon Koppelaars
Dom Brooks
mweedman
BluShadow
Dmitry-Oracle
Mahir M. Quluzade
SA2
Dmitry A. Bogomolov
SQL*Plus
Alexander.Ryndin-Oracle
Mohamed Houri
Randolf Geist
ctrieb
UltraBlast
Kot Dmitriy
user9506228
Timur Akhmadeev
Franck Pachot
pudge
user12068799
user11933056
user11994768
iRAV
user12228999
nicher100
vva
Alexander Semenov
Dmitry_Nikiforov
Bud Light
user7111641
dbms_photoshop
AcidMan
achervov
GokhanAtil
user2616810
Harun Kucuksabanoglu
_Nikotin
Maki
user9066618
user10487079
IgorUsoltsev
edw_otn
Vigneswar Battu
user11198823
be here now
869219
user7543311
VladimirSitnikov
kamineff
Asmodeus
djeday84
Oleh Tyshchenko
87Rb-87Sr
911978
KoTTT
Konstantin
945154
953255
user12217223
Alexander_Anokhin-Oracle
oragraf.sql
Jack10154746
user9502569
Yury Pudovchenko
Sergey Navrotskiy
985277
xifos
MatthiasRogel
Mikhail Velikikh
user12134743
1025067
Oren Nakdimon
1051964
1094595
1209426
user11211533
user6115180
user3990689
d.nemolchev
user8925862
user11222376
user882251
user12279047
1284785
1323138
1336159
Grigory-OC
1373320
1373354
1411786
1421824
user13287062
1442254
1443436
1447180
KSDaemon
user12097700
Sergei Perminov
user3539222
Victor Osolovskiy
1560322
user13609377
user6672754
Alfredo Abate
user11315510
user12245839
1636030
user5399907
user3983717
user12276855
1744386
user9171605
ksAsmodeus
user12058508
1856219
user3214869
Trihin Pavel
1879578
1886567
user8869337
1890583
1913344
user11978061
user1438531
Menno Hoogendijk
2616420
2646629
rpc1
user4770257
user5217858
user11949728
al.netrusov
2693742
AKalugin
2721788
RZGiampaoli
2728073
2769955
2786798
2789541
BobDJ
2816036
user10123230
2831055
DBA_Hans_007
2880604
2896072
2902504
ApInvent
Pinto Das
natalka
2913706
2924025
2957186
2960288
-KE-
user5337688
3001391
3004351
oleksii.kondratenko
zeynep.samsa
Mehmet Kaplan
adbee6ae-dcb4-4c59-915b-487b33773a3f
6648e909-359d-4a32-b7bd-6cea3fd9fec3
mehmetyalcin
60e3f71b-bd5d-422c-b479-7a087d5b3827
3032511
c09042fd-15da-494b-b7b0-243ff4ceeb4b
5e087e18-4789-4923-92cb-cce149ba3072
5291adcf-242b-4f01-bbe6-b7ce44db1aac
9c0321bf-a358-49f9-88e4-462bd4fd5674
03b9266b-53f4-4503-ae04-b339c039bffd
user12044736
4a89f5a6-cc35-424e-8e3c-59964ad8d56b
54113fd4-6592-4a32-9920-663813bdd4c5
590d4b9f-32b6-43ad-b0c4-3b767407c055
ffb03087-d390-4068-98e5-4cfd73e66d00
3fa47a10-7b28-4857-9274-d175f3b7fd48
user5814569
d0b20163-7a58-4d4d-9a7d-01ec973bc3e1
8aaa1ed8-e0f6-4712-bef7-6b1e6579798f
1aee554c-832b-4fa5-bead-0680a53d1cc5
5daa756f-80aa-4260-b91d-10d2c51b78d6
e7897e6a-993d-46db-ad93-215b61b715ad
9f982eda-2b58-4d61-aad9-4c6a50d2dab7
user2503867
3032876
f3012cfb-62b5-4c86-a102-2172c3640d5b
68fe6d1e-d41c-4528-b076-ac3bc5289cc5
41232c56-5a29-442c-a1c6-d5b94477be1d
0682b6e1-8662-498c-8455-629032a25cea
user6592033
59961cb1-b4a6-470c-9802-44432911a7ff
user7345691
ab7980ce-71ba-4ec1-a578-6b716f2ae1ae
user5844404
723b639c-f6c6-4780-8ad6-0315564ef937
28e651f6-c9c3-4d2a-af03-001837eb99ba
3032942
841b96b4-ab84-461e-aed9-58f9df710406
user9961876
d7e48e5c-868f-4b2d-88b5-8614e9d35c80
3033022
f095cbb6-707a-4f40-8f18-a6a9dc37894d
3033091
9e9d3c99-9b5e-4fa2-89ac-4e6216209566
a9e702d3-f8e5-43ee-8e6c-0fe722d9ab50
bdd07d60-c467-4115-8149-8ef2af880d9a
d5571104-4726-4f06-b529-293dc667ae6e
user10865764
petrelevich
87a6503f-5717-4887-ac77-cd916002f53a
user7355088
user6083916
user2300447
user12299863
81ddc21a-7cb3-4298-a96b-ea7c9774b2c4
3405d13c-9d19-4903-8eb0-14a2544cb32b
user2427414
4670adeb-1c9d-4ce4-98eb-962bc4c68f5d
oldhook
1e4428aa-3a63-4a1a-90b3-f2b74292f502
user6367919
7c75e315-487d-4797-8e5b-f3dee58bbc79
user8828289
1a8ad4e7-759f-48ee-8054-c449540d0573
6f3b1262-c9d6-42d6-b703-fc4e6a40b7a1
037f209b-f643-4642-a059-79988d19d77b
PL99
3034106
3034166
user5489918
user2340616
naeel maqsudov
3036157
user2626322
52e8d732-4289-4d0d-b8c5-80e701f3c07d
4b2deedd-84c4-4b8b-8724-837c54dd764e
user12569643
07292d40-2bab-4e94-b68e-cfaae6c093a8
8ec394ac-fd54-4896-9810-0381bb75260e
caec3a42-0f98-440b-ad71-9522cb1e0a0e
9c52d45b-e2e4-489c-9a32-548c77f159b3
f6e966be-8576-4da9-a0df-8fec374b6cd3
5214be2e-d761-4a4e-aeba-23ff7bb4cf4e
f070b484-017d-4d4c-a740-f6ad9db37286
d4f322d3-0265-458d-948d-83bd66d5c7e3

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Oracle Database Developer Choice Awards: Up-Voters list http://orasql.org/2015/10/09/odevchoice-voters-list/ http://orasql.org/2015/10/09/odevchoice-voters-list/#comments Fri, 09 Oct 2015 01:13:30 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=742 It’s very easy to get and analyze voters list using my new XT_HTTP package :)
We can get up-voters list by the URL:
https://community.oracle.com/voting-history.jspa?ideaID=NNNN&start=0&numResults=1000

where NNNN is Idea ID from nomenee’s page.
For example my page – https://community.oracle.com/ideas/6901 so my voters page will be https://community.oracle.com/voting-history.jspa?ideaID=6901&start=0&numResults=1000
BTW, though this page is called “VotingHistory”, but it shows up-voters only :)

-- create table upvoters as
with 
  finalists(category, userid, name) as (
      --                               SQL~ Voting:
      ------ ------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'SQL'     , 6899,  'Stew Ashton      ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6900,  'Sean Stuber      ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6901,  'Sayan Malakshinov' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6902,  'Matthias Rogel   ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6903,  'Kim Berg Hansen  ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6904,  'Justin Cave      ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6905,  'Erik Van Roon    ' from dual union all
      select 'SQL'     , 6906,  'Emrah Mete       ' from dual union all
      --                               PL/SQL~ Voting
      ------ ------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6907,  'Sean Stuber      ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6908,  'Roger Troller    ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6909,  'Patrick Barel    ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6910,  'Morten Braten    ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6911,  'Kim Berg Hansen  ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6912,  'Bill Coulam      ' from dual union all
      select 'PL/SQL'  , 6913,  'Adrian Billington' from dual union all
      --                               ORDS ~ Voting
      ------ ------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'ORDS'    , 6881,  'Tim St. Hilaire  ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6882,  'Morten Braten    ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6883,  'Kiran Pawar      ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6884,  'Dimitri Gielis   ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6885,  'Dietmar Aust     ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6886,  'Anton Nielsen    ' from dual union all
      --                               APEX ~ Voting
      ------ ------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'ORDS'    , 6887,  'Trent Schafer    ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6888,  'Paul MacMillan   ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6889,  'Morten Braten    ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6890,  'Kiran Pawar      ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6891,  'Karen Cannell    ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6893,  'Juergen Schuster ' from dual union all
      select 'ORDS'    , 6894,  'Jari Laine       ' from dual union all
      --                             DatabaseDesign ~ Voting
      ------ ----------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      select 'DbDesign', 6896,  'Michelle Kolbe   ' from dual union all
      select 'DbDesign', 6897,  'Mark Hoxey       ' from dual union all
      select 'DbDesign', 6898,  'Heli Helskyaho   ' from dual union all
      select 'DbDesign', 6919,  'Rob Lockard      ' from dual
)
,finalists_with_voters_pages as (
      select finalists.*
            ,xt_http.get_page('https://community.oracle.com/voting-history.jspa?ideaID='||to_char(userid,'fm0000')||'&start=0&numResults=1000') page
      from finalists
      where rownum>0
)
,finalists_with_voters as (
      select fp.category
            ,fp.userid
            ,fp.name
            ,voters.column_value as voter
      from finalists_with_voters_pages fp
          ,table(cast(multiset(
                      select regexp_substr(page,'alt="([^"]+)"',1,level,'c',1)
                      from dual
                      connect by level<=regexp_count(page,'<li>')
                      ) as ku$_vcnt)) voters
)
select *
from finalists_with_voters
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Very simple oracle package for HTTPS and HTTP http://orasql.org/2015/10/09/oracle-package-for-https/ http://orasql.org/2015/10/09/oracle-package-for-https/#comments Fri, 09 Oct 2015 00:54:36 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=735 I don’t like to import certificates, so i cannot use httpuritype for HTTPS pages and I decided to create package which will work with https as http.
It was pretty easy with java stored procedures :)
github/XT_HTTP
java source: xt_http.jsp
create or replace and compile java source named xt_http as
package org.orasql.xt_http;

import javax.net.ssl.HttpsURLConnection;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;

import java.sql.Connection;
import oracle.jdbc.driver.*;
import oracle.sql.CLOB;
 

public class XT_HTTP {

   /**
    * Function getPage
    * @param String Page URL
    * @return String
    */
    public static CLOB getPage(java.lang.String sURL)
    throws java.sql.SQLException
     {
        OracleDriver driver = new OracleDriver();
        Connection conn     = driver.defaultConnection();
        CLOB result         = CLOB.createTemporary(conn, false, CLOB.DURATION_CALL);
        result.setString(1," ");
        try {
            URL url = new URL(sURL);
            HttpURLConnection con = (HttpURLConnection)url.openConnection();
            //HttpsURLConnection con = (HttpsURLConnection)url.openConnection();
            if(con!=null){
                BufferedReader br =
                        new BufferedReader(
                                new InputStreamReader(con.getInputStream()));
                StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
                String line;
                while ((line = br.readLine()) != null){
                    sb.append(line);
                }
                br.close();
                result.setString(1,sb.toString());
            }
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            result.setString(1, e.getMessage());
        } catch (IOException e) {
            result.setString(1, e.getMessage());
        }
        return result;
    }
    
    public static java.lang.String getString(java.lang.String sURL) {
        String result="";
        try {
            URL url = new URL(sURL);
            HttpURLConnection con = (HttpURLConnection)url.openConnection();
            if(con!=null){
                BufferedReader br =
                        new BufferedReader(
                                new InputStreamReader(con.getInputStream()));
                StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
                String line;
                while ((line = br.readLine()) != null){
                    sb.append(line);
                }
                br.close();
                result = sb.toString().substring(0,3999);
            }
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            return e.getMessage();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            return e.getMessage();
        }
        return result;
    }
}
/

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package xt_http
create or replace package XT_HTTP is
/**
 * Get page as CLOB
 */
  function get_page(pURL varchar2)
    return clob
    IS LANGUAGE JAVA
    name 'org.orasql.xt_http.XT_HTTP.getPage(java.lang.String) return oracle.sql.CLOB';

/**
 * Get page as varchar2(max=4000 chars)
 */
  function get_string(pURL varchar2)
    return varchar2
    IS LANGUAGE JAVA
    name 'org.orasql.xt_http.XT_HTTP.getString(java.lang.String) return java.lang.String';
    
end XT_HTTP;
/

[collapse]

We have to grant connection permissions:

dbms_java.grant_permission(
   grantee           => 'XTENDER'                       -- username
 , permission_type   => 'SYS:java.net.SocketPermission' -- connection permission
 , permission_name   => 'ya.ru:443'                     -- connection address and port
 , permission_action => 'connect,resolve'               -- types
);

And now we can easily get any page:

USAGE example:
declare
  c clob;
  s varchar2(8000);
begin
  --- Through HTTPS as CLOB:
  c:=xt_http.get_page('https://google.com');

  --- Through HTTP as CLOB
  c:=xt_http.get_page('http://ya.ru');
  
  --- Through HTTPS as varchar2:
  s:=xt_http.get_string('https://google.com');

  --- Through HTTP as varchar2
  s:=xt_http.get_string('http://ya.ru');
end;
/
select length( xt_http.get_page('https://google.com') ) page_size from dual
]]>
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12c: New SQL PLAN OPERATIONS and HINTS http://orasql.org/2015/07/08/12c-new-sql-plan-operations-and-hints/ http://orasql.org/2015/07/08/12c-new-sql-plan-operations-and-hints/#comments Wed, 08 Jul 2015 13:27:03 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=701 This post is just a compilation of the links to other people’s articles and short descriptions about new SQL PLAN OPERATIONS and HINTS with a couple little additions from me.


OPERATION_NAME Description Links
JSONTABLE EVALUATION JSON_TABLE execution
XMLTABLE EVALUATION This is new name for “COLLECTION ITERATOR PICKLER FETCH [XQSEQUENCEFROMXMLTYPE]”. XPATH EVALUATION still exists.
MATCH RECOGNIZE New feature “PATTERN MATCHING”
STATISTICS COLLECTOR Optimizer statistics collector
OPTIMIZER STATISTICS GATHERING Automatic Optimizer statistics gathering during the following types of bulk loads:

  • CREATE TABLE … AS SELECT
  • INSERT INTO … SELECT into an empty table using a direct-path insert
CUBE JOIN Joining Cubes to Tables and Views
EXPRESSION EVALUATION Each parallel slave executes scalar correllated subqueries from SELECT-list.
parallel “FILTER” Each parallel slave executes own FILTER operation

Example
SQL> explain plan for
  2  select--+ parallel
  3      owner,object_name
  4  from xt_test l
  5  where exists(select/*+ no_unnest */ 0 from dual where dummy=object_name);

Explained.

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2189761709

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                | Name      | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)|   TQ  |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT         |           |     2 |    62 |   177K  (1)|       |      |            |
|   1 |  PX COORDINATOR          |           |       |       |            |       |      |            |
|   2 |   PX SEND QC (RANDOM)    | :TQ10000  | 91060 |  2756K|   113   (0)| Q1,00 | P->S | QC (RAND)  |
|*  3 |    FILTER                |           |       |       |            | Q1,00 | PCWC |            |
|   4 |     PX BLOCK ITERATOR    |           | 91060 |  2756K|   113   (0)| Q1,00 | PCWC |            |
|   5 |      INDEX FAST FULL SCAN| IX_TEST_1 | 91060 |  2756K|   113   (0)| Q1,00 | PCWP |            |
|*  6 |     TABLE ACCESS FULL    | DUAL      |     1 |     2 |     2   (0)|       |      |            |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------

   3 - filter( EXISTS (SELECT /*+ NO_UNNEST */ 0 FROM "SYS"."DUAL" "DUAL" WHERE "DUMMY"=:B1))
   6 - filter("DUMMY"=:B1)
                

[collapse]
PX SELECTOR Execution of the serial plan parts in the one of the parallel slaves
PX SEND 1 SLAVE Execution of the serial plan parts in the one of the parallel slaves(single DFO tree)
PX TASK Parallel access to fixed tables(x$) by each node in RAC
HYBRID HASH DISTRIBUTION Adaptive parallel data distribution that does not decide the final data distribution(HASH, BROADCAST or SKEW) method until execution time.
PQ_DISTRIBUTE_WINDOW In addition to “PX SEND” HASH-distribution for WINDOW functions, “PX SEND RANGE” was added
Example
-- TESTPART - list-partitiioned table:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Operation               | Name     | Rows  | Cost | Pstart| Pstop |   TQ  |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| SELECT STATEMENT        |          | 74384 |   102|       |       |       |      |            |
|  PX COORDINATOR         |          |       |      |       |       |       |      |            |
|   PX SEND QC (RANDOM)   | :TQ10001 | 74384 |   102|       |       | Q1,01 | P->S | QC (RAND)  |
|    WINDOW SORT          |          | 74384 |   102|       |       | Q1,01 | PCWP |            |
|     PX RECEIVE          |          | 74384 |   100|       |       | Q1,01 | PCWP |            |
|      PX SEND RANGE      | :TQ10000 | 74384 |   100|       |       | Q1,00 | P->P | RANGE      |
|       PX BLOCK ITERATOR |          | 74384 |   100|     1 |     3 | Q1,00 | PCWC |            |
|        TABLE ACCESS FULL| TESTPART | 74384 |   100|     1 |     3 | Q1,00 | PCWP |            |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Outline Data
-------------
  /*+
      BEGIN_OUTLINE_DATA
      PQ_DISTRIBUTE_WINDOW(@"SEL$1" 3)
      FULL(@"SEL$1" “TESTPART"@"SEL$1")
      OUTLINE_LEAF(@"SEL$1")
      ALL_ROWS
      DB_VERSION('12.1.0.2')
      OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE('12.1.0.2')
      IGNORE_OPTIM_EMBEDDED_HINTS
      END_OUTLINE_DATA
  */

[collapse]

Hint PQ_DISTRIBUTE_WINDOW(@Query_block N), where N=1 for hash, N=2 for range, N=3 for list
VECTOR
KEY VECTOR
Inmemory aggregation
RECURSIVE ITERATION Unknown
WINDOW CONSOLIDATOR WINDOW CONSOLIDATOR BUFFER for parallel execution of analyrical WINDOW aggregation functions

Example
SQL> explain plan for select/*+ parallel(t 4) PQ_DISTRIBUTE_WINDOW(2) */ count(*) over(partition by owner) cnt,owner from xt_test t;
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 3410952625
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id | Operation                    |Name    |Rows |Cost |Pstart|Pstop|   TQ  |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|  0 | SELECT STATEMENT             |        |91060|  124|      |     |       |      |            |
|  1 |  PX COORDINATOR              |        |     |     |      |     |       |      |            |
|  2 |   PX SEND QC (RANDOM)        |:TQ10001|91060|  124|      |     | Q1,01 | P->S | QC (RAND)  |
|  3 |    WINDOW CONSOLIDATOR BUFFER|        |91060|  124|      |     | Q1,01 | PCWP |            |
|  4 |     PX RECEIVE               |        |91060|  124|      |     | Q1,01 | PCWP |            |
|  5 |      PX SEND HASH            |:TQ10000|91060|  124|      |     | Q1,00 | P->P | HASH       |
|  6 |       WINDOW SORT            |        |91060|  124|      |     | Q1,00 | PCWP |            |
|  7 |        PX BLOCK ITERATOR     |        |91060|  122|    1 |    4| Q1,00 | PCWC |            |
|  8 |         TABLE ACCESS FULL    |XT_TEST |91060|  122|    1 |    4| Q1,00 | PCWP |            |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Note
-----
   - Degree of Parallelism is 4 because of table property
                

[collapse]
DETECT END Unknown
DM EXP MAX AGGR Unknown
DM EXP MAX PAR Unknown
FAULT-TOLERANCE BUFFER The fault-tolerance for parallel statement.
Patent #US8572051: Making parallel execution of structured query language statements fault-tolerant


See also:

  1. Randolf Geist “12c New Optimizer Features”
  2. Randolf Geist “Parallel Execution 12c New Features Overview”


HINTS:

PATH HINT_CLASS HINT_NAME VERSION VERSION_OUTLINE
ALL WITH_PLSQL WITH_PLSQL 12.1.0.1
ALL -> ANSI_REARCH ANSI_REARCH 1 ANSI_REARCH
NO_ANSI_REARCH
12.1.0.2 12.1.0.2
ALL -> EXECUTION BATCH_TABLE_ACCESS_BY_ROWID 2 BATCH_TABLE_ACCESS_BY_ROWID
NO_BATCH_TABLE_ACCESS_BY_ROWID
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
INMEMORY INMEMORY
NO_INMEMORY
12.1.0.2 12.1.0.2
INMEMORY_PRUNING INMEMORY_PRUNING
NO_INMEMORY_PRUNING
12.1.0.2 12.1.0.2
ALL -> COMPILATION -> ZONEMAP ZONEMAP ZONEMAP
NO_ZONEMAP
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> DATA_SECURITY_REWRITE DATA_SECURITY_REWRITE_LIMIT DATA_SECURITY_REWRITE_LIMIT

NO_DATA_SECURITY_REWRITE
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO CLUSTER_BY_ROWID CLUSTER_BY_ROWID
CLUSTER_BY_ROWID
12.1.0.1(11.2.0.4) 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> ACCESS_PATH -> BITMAP_TREE BITMAP_AND BITMAP_AND 12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> ADAPTIVE_PLAN ADAPTIVE_PLAN ADAPTIVE_PLAN
NO_ADAPTIVE_PLAN
12.1.0.2 12.1.0.2
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> AUTO_REOPT AUTO_REOPTIMIZE 2 AUTO_REOPTIMIZE
NO_AUTO_REOPTIMIZE
12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> JOIN_METHOD ANTIJOIN CUBE_AJ 12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
SEMIJOIN CUBE_SJ 12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> JOIN_METHOD -> USE_CUBE JOIN USE_CUBE

NO_USE_CUBE
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> PARTIAL_JOIN PARTIAL_JOIN PARTIAL_JOIN
NO_PARTIAL_JOIN
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> PARTITION USE_HIDDEN_PARTITIONS USE_HIDDEN_PARTITIONS 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> PQ PARTIAL_ROLLUP_PUSHDOWN PARTIAL_ROLLUP_PUSHDOWN

NO_PARTIAL_ROLLUP_PUSHDOWN
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
PQ_CONCURRENT_UNION PQ_CONCURRENT_UNION

NO_PQ_CONCURRENT_UNION
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
PQ_DISTRIBUTE_WINDOW PQ_DISTRIBUTE_WINDOW 12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
PQ_FILTER PQ_FILTER 12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
PQ_SKEW PQ_SKEW

NO_PQ_SKEW
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
PX_FAULT_TOLERANCE PX_FAULT_TOLERANCE
NO_PX_FAULT_TOLERANCE
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> PQ -> PQ_REPLICATE PQ_REPLICATE PQ_REPLICATE
NO_PQ_REPLICATE
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> STATS -> DBMS_STATS GATHER_OPTIMIZER_STATISTICS GATHER_OPTIMIZER_STATISTICS

NO_GATHER_OPTIMIZER_STATISTICS
12.1.0.1
ALL -> COMPILATION -> TRANSFORMATION ELIM_GROUPBY ? ELIM_GROUPBY

NO_ELIM_GROUPBY
ALL -> COMPILATION -> CBO -> CBQT -> VECTOR_AGG
and

ALL -> COMPILATION -> TRANSFORMATION -> CBQT -> VECTOR_AGG
USE_VECTOR_AGGREGATION USE_VECTOR_AGGREGATION
NO_USE_VECTOR_AGGREGATION
12.1.0.2 12.1.0.2
VECTOR_TRANSFORM VECTOR_TRANSFORM

NO_VECTOR_TRANSFORM
12.1.0.2 12.1.0.2
VECTOR_TRANSFORM_DIMS VECTOR_TRANSFORM_DIMS

NO_VECTOR_TRANSFORM_DIMS
12.1.0.2 12.1.0.2
VECTOR_TRANSFORM_FACT VECTOR_TRANSFORM_FACT

NO_VECTOR_TRANSFORM_FACT
12.1.0.2 12.1.0.2
ALL -> COMPILATION -> TRANSFORMATION -> HEURISTIC -> DECORRELATE DECORRELATE DECORRELATE

NO_DECORRELATE
12.1.0.1 12.1.0.1

See also:
Fuyuncat(Wei Huang) – “Oracle 12c new SQL Hints”

]]>
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RESULT_CACHE: run-time dependency tracking http://orasql.org/2015/07/05/result_cache-run-time-dependency-tracking/ http://orasql.org/2015/07/05/result_cache-run-time-dependency-tracking/#comments Sun, 05 Jul 2015 19:20:56 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=686 As you know, since 11.2 “relies_on” clause was deprecated and oracle tracks dependencies at runtime now.
Test function and tables
create or replace function f_without_deps(p_tab varchar2) return varchar2
as
   res varchar2(30);
begin
   execute immediate 'select '''||p_tab||''' from '||p_tab||' where rownum=1' into res;
   return res;
end;
/
create table a as select 'a' a from dual;
create table b as select 'b' b from dual;
create view v_ab as select a,b from a,b;

[collapse]

And it works fine with normal tables:
v_ab
SQL> exec :p_tab:='v_ab';

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> call DBMS_RESULT_CACHE.flush();

Call completed.

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_without_deps(:p_tab) result from dual;

RESULT
----------
v_ab

1 row selected.

SQL> select name,bucket_no, id,type,status,pin_count,scan_count,invalidations from v$result_cache_objects o order by type,id;

NAME                                                               BUCKET_NO  ID TYPE       STATUS     PIN_COUNT SCAN_COUNT INVALID
----------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- --- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- -------
XTENDER.F_WITHOUT_DEPS                                                  1579   0 Dependency Published          0          0       0
XTENDER.V_AB                                                            3127   2 Dependency Published          0          0       0
XTENDER.B                                                                778   3 Dependency Published          0          0       0
XTENDER.A                                                                464   4 Dependency Published          0          0       0
select/*+ result_cache */ f_without_deps(:p_tab) result from dual       1749   1 Result     Published          0          0       0

[collapse]

But don’t forget that the result_cache also caches such functions with the objects, that usually should not be cached, and such objects will not be listed in the result_cache dependencies list:
v$database
SQL> exec :p_tab:='v$database';

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> call DBMS_RESULT_CACHE.flush();

Call completed.

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_without_deps(:p_tab) result from dual;

RESULT
----------
v$database

1 row selected.

SQL> select name,bucket_no, id,type,status,pin_count,scan_count,invalidations from v$result_cache_objects o order by type,id;

NAME                                                               BUCKET_NO  ID TYPE       STATUS     PIN_COUNT SCAN_COUNT INVALID
----------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- --- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- -------
XTENDER.F_WITHOUT_DEPS                                                   772   0 Dependency Published          0          0       0
PUBLIC.V$DATABASE                                                       1363   2 Dependency Published          0          0       0
select/*+ result_cache */ f_without_deps(:p_tab) result from dual       2283   1 Result     Published          0          0       0

3 rows selected.

[collapse]
As you can see, there is only dependency on public synonym V$DATABASE, but not real base fixed X$-tables.
SYS.OBJ$
SQL> exec :p_tab:='sys.obj$';

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> call DBMS_RESULT_CACHE.flush();

Call completed.

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_without_deps(:p_tab) result from dual;

RESULT
----------
sys.obj$

1 row selected.

SQL> select name,bucket_no, id,type,status,pin_count,scan_count,invalidations from v$result_cache_objects o order by type,id;

NAME                                                               BUCKET_NO ID TYPE       STATUS     PIN_COUNT SCAN_COUNT INVALID
----------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- -- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- -------
XTENDER.F_WITHOUT_DEPS                                                  3922  0 Dependency Published          0          0       0
select/*+ result_cache */ f_without_deps(:p_tab) result from dual       3753  1 Result     Published          0          0       0

2 rows selected.

[collapse]
The results were cached and the dependencies do not include system objects.
We easily check that the queries with any table in SYS schema or with sysdate,systimestamp,current_date,current_timestamp,dbms_random will not be cached:
SYS tables
SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ current_scn result from v$database;

    RESULT
----------
##########

1 row selected.

SQL> select name,bucket_no, id,type,status,pin_count,scan_count,invalidations from v$result_cache_objects o order by type,id;

no rows selected

SQL> explain plan for select/*+ result_cache */ * from sys.obj$;

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2311451600

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation         | Name | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT  |      | 87256 |  7328K|   296   (1)| 00:00:04 |
|   1 |  TABLE ACCESS FULL| OBJ$ | 87256 |  7328K|   296   (1)| 00:00:04 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

[collapse]
Note that there is no “RESULT CACHE” line.
And even if create own tables in SYS schema(don’t do it :)), they will not be cached :
SYS.V_AB
SYS> create table a as select 'a' a from dual;
SYS> create table b as select 'b' b from dual;
SYS> create view v_ab as select a,b from a,b;
SYS> grant select on v_ab to xtender;

XTENDER> explain plan for select/*+ result_cache */ * from sys.v_ab;
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 215283502

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation            | Name | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT     |      |     1 |     6 |     4   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  MERGE JOIN CARTESIAN|      |     1 |     6 |     4   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   2 |   TABLE ACCESS FULL  | A    |     1 |     3 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   3 |   BUFFER SORT        |      |     1 |     3 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   4 |    TABLE ACCESS FULL | B    |     1 |     3 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Note
-----
   - dynamic sampling used for this statement (level=2)

[collapse]

But sys_context and userenv will be cached successbully:
sys_context
SQL> explain plan for select/*+ result_cache */ sys_context('userenv','os_user')  from dual;

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1388734953

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation        | Name                       | Rows  | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT |                            |     1 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  RESULT CACHE    | 267m2hcwj08nq5kwxcb0nb2ka8 |       |            |          |
|   2 |   FAST DUAL      |                            |     1 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Result Cache Information (identified by operation id):
------------------------------------------------------

   1 - column-count=1; attributes=(single-row); parameters=(sys_context);
        name="select/*+ result_cache */ sys_context('userenv','os_user')  from dual"

14 rows selected.

[collapse]
userenv
SQL> explain plan for select/*+ result_cache */ userenv('instance')  from dual;

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 1388734953

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation        | Name                       | Rows  | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT |                            |     1 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  RESULT CACHE    | dxzj3fks1sqfy35shbbst4332h |       |            |          |
|   2 |   FAST DUAL      |                            |     1 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Result Cache Information (identified by operation id):
------------------------------------------------------

   1 - column-count=1; attributes=(single-row); parameters=(sys_context); 
       name="select/*+ result_cache */ userenv('instance')  from dual"

[collapse]

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A function gets called twice if the result_cache is used http://orasql.org/2015/07/05/a-function-gets-called-twice-if-the-result_cache-is-used/ http://orasql.org/2015/07/05/a-function-gets-called-twice-if-the-result_cache-is-used/#comments Sun, 05 Jul 2015 13:37:28 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=680 Recently I showed simple example how result_cache works with non-deterministic functions and observed strange behaviour: a function gets fired once in the normal query, but twice with the result_cache hint.
Moreover, only third and subsequent query executions return same cached results as second query execution.
I didn’t want to investigate such behavior, just because 1) we should not cache the results of non-deterministic functions and 2) it doesn’t matter if we use deterministic functions.
But later I was asked to explain this, so this post is just a short description with test case.

Look at the simple function that just returns random values:

create or replace function f_nondeterministic(p int:=100) return int
as
  res number;
begin
   res:=round(dbms_random.value(0,p));
   return res;
end;
SQL> exec dbms_result_cache.flush;
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_nondeterministic(1000) nondeter from dual;

  NONDETER
----------
       481

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_nondeterministic(1000) nondeter from dual;

  NONDETER
----------
       689

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_nondeterministic(1000) nondeter from dual;

  NONDETER
----------
       689

with result_cache_statistics
SQL> exec dbms_result_cache.flush;

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_nondeterministic(1000) nondeter from dual;

  NONDETER
----------
       481

SQL> select name,value from v$result_cache_statistics where name in ( 'Create Count Success', 'Find Count');

NAME                                               VALUE
-------------------------------------------------- ----------
Create Count Success                               1
Find Count                                         0

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_nondeterministic(1000) nondeter from dual;

  NONDETER
----------
       689

SQL> select name,value from v$result_cache_statistics where name in ( 'Create Count Success', 'Find Count');

NAME                                               VALUE
-------------------------------------------------- ----------
Create Count Success                               1
Find Count                                         1

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_nondeterministic(1000) nondeter from dual;

  NONDETER
----------
       689

SQL> select name,value from v$result_cache_statistics where name in ( 'Create Count Success', 'Find Count');

NAME                                               VALUE
-------------------------------------------------- ----------
Create Count Success                               1
Find Count                                         2

SQL> select name,bucket_no, id,type,status,pin_count,scan_count,invalidations from v$result_cache_objects o;

NAME                                                BUCKET_NO         ID TYPE       STATUS     PIN_COUNT SCAN_COUNT INVALIDATIONS
-------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- -------------
XTENDER.F_NONDETERMINISTIC                                552          0 Dependency Published          0          0             0
select/*+ result_cache */ f_nondeterministic(1000)       2102          1 Result     Published          0          2             0
 nondeter from dual

[collapse]

As you can see, second execution returns different result than first one.
If we change this function:

create or replace function f_nondeterministic(p int:=100) return int
as
  res number;
begin
   res:=round(dbms_random.value(0,p));
   dbms_output.put_line('fired! ('||res||')');
   return res;
end;

and repeat this test-case:

SQL> select/*+ result_cache */ f_nondeterministic(1000) nondeter from dual;

  NONDETER
----------
       943    -- << (2)

1 row selected.

fired! (607)    -- << (1)
fired! (943)    -- << (2)
SQL> /

  NONDETER
----------
       607    -- << (1)

1 row selected.

SQL> /

  NONDETER
----------
       607    -- << (1)

1 row selected.

SQL> /

  NONDETER
----------
       607    -- << (1)

1 row selected.

we will see that there were 2 function executions: first result was cached, and the second was fetched!

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SQL*Plus tips #7: How to find the current script directory http://orasql.org/2015/06/26/sqlplus-tips-7-how-to-find-current-script-directory/ http://orasql.org/2015/06/26/sqlplus-tips-7-how-to-find-current-script-directory/#comments Fri, 26 Jun 2015 19:06:28 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=662 You know that if we want to execute another script from the current script directory, we can call it through @@, but sometimes we want to know the current path exactly, for example if we want to spool something into the file in the same directory.
Unfortunately we cannot use “spool @spoolfile”, but it is easy to find this path, because we know that SQL*Plus shows this path in the error when it can’t to find @@filename.

So we can simply get this path from the error text:

rem Simple example how to get path (@@) of the current script.
rem This script will set "cur_path" variable, so we can use &cur_path later.
 
set termout off
spool _cur_path.remove
@@notfound
spool off;
 
var cur_path varchar2(100);
declare 
  v varchar2(100);
  m varchar2(100):='SP2-0310: unable to open file "';
begin v :=rtrim(ltrim( 
                        q'[
                            @_cur_path.remove
                        ]',' '||chr(10)),' '||chr(10));
  v:=substr(v,instr(v,m)+length(m));
  v:=substr(v,1,instr(v,'notfound.')-1);
  :cur_path:=v;
end;
/
set scan off;
ho (rm _cur_path.remove 2>&1  | echo .)
ho (del _cur_path.remove 2>&1 | echo .)
col cur_path new_val cur_path noprint;
select :cur_path cur_path from dual;
set scan on;
set termout on;
 
prompt Current path: &cur_path

I used here the reading file content into variable, that I already showed in the “SQL*Plus tips. #1″.
UPDATE: I’ve replaced this script with a cross platform version.

Also I did it with SED and rtrim+ltrim, because 1) I have sed even on windows; and 2) I’m too lazy to write big PL/SQL script that will support 9i-12c, i.e. without regexp_substr/regexp_replace, etc.
But of course you can rewrite it without depending on sed, if you use windows without cygwin.

PS. Note that “host pwd” returns only directory where SQL*Plus was started, but not executed script directory.

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Little quiz: Ordering/Grouping – Guess the output http://orasql.org/2015/04/28/quiz-guess-the-output/ http://orasql.org/2015/04/28/quiz-guess-the-output/#comments Tue, 28 Apr 2015 12:20:46 +0000 http://orasql.org/?p=645 How many times have you guessed the right answer? :)
1
select * from dual order by -1;
select * from dual order by 0;

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2
select *                   from dual                                     order by -(0.1+0/1) desc;
select 1 n,0 n,2 n,0 n,1 n from dual group by grouping sets(1,2,3,2,1,0) order by -(0.1+0/1) desc;

[collapse]
3
select 1 n,0 n,2 n,0 n,1 n from dual group by grouping sets(1,2,3,2,1,0) order by 0;
select 1 n,0 n,2 n,0 n,1 n from dual group by grouping sets(1,2,3,2,1,0) order by 0+0;
select 1 n,0 n,2 n,0 n,1 n from dual group by grouping sets(1,2,3,2,1,0) order by 3+7 desc;
select 1 n,0 n,2 n,0 n,1 n from dual group by grouping sets(1,2,3,2,1,0) order by -(3.1+0f) desc;

[collapse]
4
select column_value x,10-column_value y from table(ku$_objnumset(5,4,3,1,2,3,4)) order by 1.9;
select column_value x,10-column_value y from table(ku$_objnumset(5,4,3,1,2,3,4)) order by 2.5;
select column_value x,10-column_value y from table(ku$_objnumset(5,4,3,1,2,3,4)) order by 2.7 desc;
select column_value x,10-column_value y from table(ku$_objnumset(5,4,3,1,2,3,4)) order by -2.7 desc;

[collapse]

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